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where their hearts are offered to gods who sanctioned conquest. every city and town in the empire pays tribute in exact amount and kind as specified by the aztecs, or risks horrible consequences. in the forests and jungles of other realms, maya kings rule great cities with the force of their own personalities. they build temples and huge stone billboards to prop up royal dynasties that have little actual power. they perform gruesome rituals that require the skins of other people. they go to war and capture players for their ball games -- games where the losers never play again. today, inside ancient pyramids, archaeologists face real danger to bring the story of these kings and their politics out of the past. before the arrival of europeans, two extraordinary civilizations flourished in mesoamerica. both the aztecs and the maya had cultures of startling sophistication, and political systems that were enormously complex. archaeologists are intrigued by ancient political systems. they want to know how these systems were organized and how they evolved. archaeologist arthur demarest. throu
to the emergence of a vanished civilization. these are the ruins of the ancient city of copan, honduras. dozens of stone monuments, called stelae, proclaim the power of mighty beings. until experts could read these carved hieroglyphs, most scholars thought these larger-than-life figures represented maya gods. but we now know they are portraits of copan's rulers, with names like butz chan... smoke shell... and the most powerful of all, 18 rabbit. the maya called them "c'ul ahau," or divine lord. the title was inherited. we call them kings since they passed their power to brothers or sons. a dynasty of 16 kings ruled copan for 400 years. how did they first acquire their power ? and how were the maya governed before the kings ? to answer such questions, archaeologists discuss their ideas of political change. which says, here's the resolution, but you've got no enforcement. who's the arbitrator ? the arbitrator is the chief. keach: everyone in this group is guided by the same basic model of political evolution. it says that as a society evolves, fewer and fewer people control the wealth, and the re
in the resort city. as part of a program that brings americans to israel, but was recently fired from his job. on the campaign trail, president obama slammed republican challenger mitt romney during appearances in the battleground states of colorado and wisconsin. some have criticized obama's appearance in the first potential debate wednesday night, he appeared lackluster compared to more aggressive romney. obama hit back against his opponent during a rally in denver, accusing romney of backtracking over tax cuts for the wealthy. >> when i got onto the stage, i met this very spirited fellow who claimed to be mitt romney. [laughter] but it could not have been in romney because the real mitt romney has been running around the country for the last year promising $5 trillion in tax cuts to favor the wealthy. the fellow on stage last not said he did not know anything about that. >> mitt romney tried to capitalize on his high marks from the debate as he campaigned in the swing state of virginia. some critics noted obama fell to ask from the about his famous 47% comment that nearly half of americans
in the iraqi city of tikrit has killed at least a dozen people and freed more than 80 prisoners. reports on the details varied. at a local official told the associated press prisoners had seized weapons from a prison store room, while other sources said militants attacked from the outside. a gun battle reportedly stretched for at least eight hours before authorities regained control. the prison houses inmates with ties to al qaeda, and some were awaiting execution. a gunman opened fire thursday inside a minneapolis sign making business, killing four people and wounding several others before turning the gun on himself. three others were critically wounded. there are reports the shooter was a former employee of the business who had been laid off thursdaearlier in the day. it follows a rash of other mass shootings in u.s. this year, and the latest act of violence involving a shooter with reported financial difficulties. the laid-off worker who killed a former co-worker outside the empire state building in nyc last month was reportedly facing eviction. two weeks before that, a man in college
overnight. fierce clashes set up a massive fire over the weekend in the city's historic central market. speaking to the pentagon, defense secretary leon panetta said it appears the assad regime could be moving its weapons stockpiles around the country to sit card against attacks. >> there have been, firing occuh resulted in the fatal wounding of an isaf soldier and the death of a civilian colleague. reports, with regard to some of these fights, there has been some movement in order for the syrians to better secure chemicals. while there has been some limited movement, again, the major sites remain in place, remain secure. >> venezuela is less than one week away from a presidential election. over the weekend, tens of thousands of people turned out four separate rallies led by the rival candidates. tensions escalated on saturday when three supporters of caprille were gunned down. at a rally, hugo chavez condemned the attack and promised an investigation. >> we all have to regret very much the deaths of two people yesterday in a clash over two groups, one in a caravan, the other in the st
. by 1550 bc, power had shifted to a n kingdom 500 miles south in the ancient city of thebes, now called luxor. to the west, in the hills beyond the nile's west bank, the royal tombs of the valley of the kings were cut into limestone cliffs. their interiors are richly decorated with hieroglyphs and paintings-- signs and symbols that detail the necessary steps to attain immortality. egypt's power and the grandeur that came with it were well-established by 2500 bc when the great pyramids at giza were built. the sphinx was a philosophy of government set in stone. it depicted the king as fearless, cunning and brave as the lion. and as crucial to egypt as the nile itself. the king was not just a political leader but a religious leader too. in the minds of the ancient egyptians, the pharaoh's power and authority as a king stretched far beyond the boundaries of his country-- and into the cosmos itself. after death, he would escape the earthly bounds of his tomb, board a solar boat and sail into immortality. this vision became material in objects and images founin the tombs and temples as a way
rupture city, honey, rupture city, you're going to be in trouble. so they tell you let your mouth open and let the air come out and it keeps coming out, out, out. where did all that air come, you've got compressed air down there. and you let your mouth-- let the air come out as you rise. so you don't all of a sudden blow up like this and really hurt yourself. you wanna see what an exam question would be on a balloon question like this, gang? here is an exam question in there. as this balloon starts to sink, will it sink all the way to the bottom? how many people say, "oh no, it'll get down "to a certain elevation like everything and kind of just stop, even rocks, man." you throw a rock overboard, it'll finally go down, the pressure will get so much it'll just kind of hang there. they all are scuba diver types, have you done that? they'll say, "watch out for those rocks, honey." rocks hanging in the air. when you throw a rock off, does it sink all the way to the bottom? and will that balloon sink all the way to the bottom? okay, now here is a question i got to ask you. as this balloon s
killed and 70 wounded in the syrian city of aleppo. the attack took place in a city square. most of the victims were syrian military. in bahrain, clashes erupted on tuesday at the funeral of a protester jailed last year. the victim suffered sickle cell disease and demonstrators say that he died after being denied medical care. the unrest broke out after the police stopped a crowd of thousands of mourners to march to the center of the uprising. a u.s. border patrol agent has been shot dead and another wounded at the border with mexico. the agents were on patrol when they came under fire. a new government report has found an intelligence program that formed a major part of domestic counterterrorism efforts in the united states has been almost entirely of the recess. a bipartisan report examines the network of so-called fusion centers created after the 9/11 attacks to create intelligence sharing among local, state, and federal authorities. investigators have accused the centers as being bastions of waste, having virtually informad possibly infringing of people's civil liberties. as
and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we are on the road it on a 100- city tour. on the eve of the first presidential debate, president obama and romney are being heard to address -- urged to address the problem of gun violence. wednesday's debate takes place 10 miles away from the columbine shooting and 15 miles away from the movie theater where 15 people were killed in july. a new bipartisan ad created by survivors of recent massacres is set to air nationally. the aid is called "demand a plan" and features a man who survived the shooting. >> i was shot in the face and neck, but i was lucky. in the next four years, 40,000 americans will not be so lucky, because they will be murdered with guns. enough to fill 200 theaters. when you watch the presidential debates, ask yourself, who has a plan to stun gun violence? let's demand a plan. >> early this morning, i came back from blacksburg, va., from virginia tech, and spoke with a survivor from another massacre. his name is colin goddard. he was shot four times during the 2007 virginia tech massacre that left 32 people dead. he now works for
that pond. the pond is getting deeper and deeper and the city workmen come out and they stuck some boards, like shelving boards, just pine lumber, one-inch pine lumber. it turns out right on those slots. and that's what they were. they were slots to hold some boards for when the dam got extra deep. and son of a gun, if that dam didn't fill up just up like that-- [makes sound] --and these boards are holding back tons and tons of water. we kids look at that and we say, "gee, if the board does that, what was the concrete for?" let me ask you a question. could it have made it with all that board? no. what would happen to the dam, honey? begin with s-p, end with loosh. [laughter] sploosh. okay? so it turn-- how about if a great, big ship comes by here? [makes sound] that board still gonna hold that water back? if there's no-- answer ends with a p. yup. yup. now, if the water is moving-- [makes sound] --a lot of momentum of the water is gonna crash into the boat, that's different. but if the water is still, gets deeper and deeper, that water pressure against here depends only on the density of
. rocky anderson is the former mayor of salt lake city. we also invited gary johnson, the decline to join us. today we bring you highlights from our expanding the debate special. we begin with the debate moderator jim lehrer. >> let's start with the economy, segment one, and let's begin with jobs. what are the major differences between the two of you about how you go about creating new jobs. you have two minutes each of you to start print a coin toss determines, mr. president, you go first. >> four years ago, we went through the worst financial crisis in the great depression. millions of jobs were lost. the auto industry was on the brink of collapse. the financial system had frozen up. and because of the resilience and the determination of the american people, we've begun to fight our way back over the last 30 months, we've seen 5 million jobs in the private sector created. the auto industry has come roaring back. and housing has begun to rise. but we all know that we've still got a lot of work to do. and so the question here tonight is where we've been, but where we're going. governor ro
the bustle of the big city is an undiscovered paradise called california country. >> we're in san francisco. beauty has gone organic. and it's so farm fresh, people like me just can't wait to start feeding their skin. at sephora in the bay area, the hunt is on for the perfect potion to turn back the hands of time. and thanks to a new product, customers are getting exactly what they asked for. and one thing is for sure--the old adage that you are what you eat takes on an entirely different meaning now. juice beauty is the name of a new product line started by women in the bay area who began to look at skin care from a different perspective. >> [indistinct] organic green apples a little bit? >> ok. um, yeah. yeah, actually. >> yeah. >> some apple. >> it's just really a lot of organic fruits. >> smells like applesauce. >> uh, yeah, but in a good way. i never really thought about what i was putting all over my body. and so, when i became pregnant at a little bit later age--'cause i had developed several businesses--i started really reading ingredients, and i thought, oh, my gosh. i know i can d
Search Results 0 to 11 of about 12